Cryotherapy is a natural, safe and non-invasive therapeutic process in which the body is briefly exposed to very cold temperatures in order to aid athletic performance and recovery, inflammation and pain reduction, and other health and wellness related goals by stimulating the body’s natural healing process.
People have long used ice and cold for relief and treatment of injuries and other conditions. In 1978, Dr. Yamauchi of Japan began using freezing sessions of short duration on his patient’s skin surface for immediate relief of rheumatoid arthritis through the rapid decrease of temperature of the outer layer of skin. In the 1980s, Yamauchi and his associates came to the conclusion that using a cryosauna for rapid short-term freezing of the skin’s surface has a more beneficial effect on the human body than its gradual cooling while immersed in an ice bath. Over the last 30 years, many studies in Europe have established whole body cryotherapy (WBC) as a powerful therapy for, and recovery from, a variety of conditions.
Whole Body Cryotherapy is a hyper-cooling process that lowers a person’s skin temperature to approximately 30° F for a period of up to three minutes. This is achieved by having clients step into a cryosauna where their bodies are enveloped with extremely cold air at temperatures ranging from -100° F to -274° F. During this time, thermoreceptors in the skin send signals to the brain to send the blood to the core to maintain core body temperature with a process called vasoconstriction. Toxins are flushed from peripheral tissues and blood is enriched with oxygen, enzymes and nutrients. The body activates all of its natural healing abilities and releases endorphins for further benefit. Upon exiting the cryosauna, the enriched blood flows back through the body through a process called vasodilation. As a result, whole body cryotherapy is very effective for athletic recovery and muscle repair, reduction of chronic pain and inflammation, and an overall enhancement of health and wellness.
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